West Bank


West Bank
   The area of historical Palestine lying west of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea (and known by many Israelis and Jews by the biblical terms Judea and Samaria). Designated by the United Nations Palestine Partition Plan to become part of an Arab state, it—along with the eastern half of Jerusalem—was occupied by Jordan during the War of Independence (1948—49). On 24 April 1950, the parliament of Jordan passed legislation designed to unite the West Bank and East Jerusalem with Jordanian territory east of the Jordan; however, this annexation was largely ignored by the international community. The area came under Israeli control during the Six-Day War (1967), although (with Israel's indulgence and cooperation) Jordan maintained an administrative presence in the West Bank. In the summer of 1988, King Hussein announced that Jordan was disengaging politically and administratively from the area.
   Pursuant to the Oslo Accords of 1993, areas of the West Bank were transferred by Israel to the control of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Palestinian Authority (PA). At the Camp David II and Taba talks with the Palestinians, Israel's Ehud Barak proposed to transfer 95-97 percent of the West Bank to Palestinian control. However, some of these areas were temporarily reen-tered by the Israel Defense Forces in Operation Defensive Shield during the Al-Aksa intifada in pursuit of Palestinian terrorists who were maintaining bases in the West Bank and attacking Israel with impunity from there. Beginning in 2003, Israel's prime minister Ariel Sharon chose to address the terrorism challenge by constructing a security barrier (security fence, separation fence) separating Israelis from West Bank Palestinians. Four isolated settlements in the northern West Bank were included in Sharon's unilateral disengagement plan that was implemented in August-September 2005. During the campaign leading up to the March 2006 election, Kadima leader Ehud Olmert outlined his plan for further disengagement from the West Bank, and he reiterated his determination to implement his convergence plan if elected.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • West Bank — the West Bank the land west of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea between Israel and Jordan, which the Israelis took control of in 1967 in the Arab Israeli War, but which the Palestinian Arabs consider to be their land …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • West Bank — West′ Bank′ n. geg a region in the Middle East, between the W bank of the Jordan River and the E (1949) armistice line of Israel: formerly held by Jordan; occupied in 1967 by Israel; now under partial Palestinian self rule …   From formal English to slang

  • West Bank — area on the W bank of the Jordan River: part of Jordan since 1949 & occupied by Israel since 1967: an agreement in 1994 provided for a transfer of authority of Palestinians in stages that would result in self rule …   English World dictionary

  • West Bank —   [west bæȖk, englisch »Westufer«], das Westjordanland …   Universal-Lexikon

  • West Bank — in reference to the former Jordanian territory west of the River Jordan, 1967 …   Etymology dictionary

  • West Bank — This article is about the geography, demographics and general history of the West Bank. Also see Judea and Samaria Area. For other uses, see West Bank (disambiguation). West Bank Palestinian Authority Palestinian Local Government in the West Bank …   Wikipedia

  • West Bank — an area in the Middle East, between the W bank of the Jordan River and the E frontier of Israel: occupied in 1967 and subsequently claimed by Israel; formerly held by Jordan. * * * West Bank Introduction West Bank Background: The Israel PLO… …   Universalium

  • West Bank — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::West Bank <p></p> Background: <p></p> From the early 16th century through 1917, the area now known as the West Bank fell under Ottoman rule. Following World War I, the …   The World Factbook

  • West Bank — noun an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the Jordan river; populated largely by Palestinians • Members of this Region: ↑Aksa Martyrs Brigades, ↑al Aksa Martyrs Brigades, ↑Martyrs of al Aqsa • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical… …   Useful english dictionary

  • West-Bank — Das Westjordanland (arabisch ‏الضفة الغربية‎, DMG aḍ ḍaffa al ġarbiyya, hebräisch: הגדה המערבית haGada haMa arawit), auch Westjordanien, Judäa und Samarien (hebräisch ‏יהודה ושומרון‎ Jehuda we Schomron) oder englisch West Bank, selten auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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